Summary: The city centre of Copenhagen already possesses a special identity with its many attractive shops, cafes, restaurants and cultural institutions. Pedestrian precincts in the area have strengthened the identity and created a lively urban life. However, it is still possible to develop the pedestrian culture by creating better and more exciting surroundings in the urban space, which will benefit the residents, the commercial organizations and the visitors. Over the last six years a Mobility Week has been held containing demonstration projects under the European project "In Town without My Car" and "European Mobility Week". Local communities have been engaged in formulating projects and have been hosts for events. In addition to that car-free days and experiments with a car-free area in the historic city centre of Copenhagen have been held during the last 4 years. The demonstration projects have sparked a wide debate on the development of the city. Today, there exists considerable public and political support for the permanent traffic calming of the city centre. The local politicians have initiated a project based on dialogue aiming at a car-free area in the historic city centre. Pedestrian and bicycle culture have to be encouraged and city life is brought into focus. ... More
Summary: The Spatial Metro project brings together a transnational group of partners enabling them to co-operate in order to improve city centres for pedestrians - Discovering the City on Foot. The project is receiving European Regional Development Funding through the INTERREG III/B Community Initiative. A group of ten organizations participate in Spatial Metro: The lead city of Norwich and the cities of Rouen, Koblenz, Bristol, Biel/Bienne; Academics at: University of East Anglia, Delft University of Technology, University of Koblenz and the Swiss Pedestrian Association. The main role of the Chair of Urban Design at TU Delft is to develop proposals to evaluate visitor experience and to observe use of space before and after Spatial Metro interventions. ... More
Summary: In 2002 Parks Victoria released Linking People and Spaces, a strategy for Melbourne’s open space network. This is a 20 year plan that outlines priorities for the development of the Metropolitan Trail Network. Another major action of the plan if for six new regional parks in Melbourne’s developing areas. Melbourne’s trail network is split into two main areas: The Principal Bicycle Network (PBN); The Metropolitan Trail Network (MTN); The Principal Bicycle network is not a new concept, and consists of both on-road and off-road trails through which an interconnected, accessible network of well serviced, safe trail routes is formed. VicRoads and Bicycle Victoria developed the Principal Bicycle Network through the Victorian Bicycle Advisory Council. However, the on-road and off-road components were recognised as providing two very different services and experience, therefore as supporting different users. In response, the Metropolitan Trail Network, defined in the 1988 open space plan, has been revised to reflect current needs and future growth. In the Metropolitan Trail Network we build on the Principal Bicycle Network off-road component. The network comprises of existing and proposed trails totalling approximately 1200 kilometres. The Metropolitan Trail Network consists of shared trails to ensure that the wider community has access to open space. This paper will discuss the history of the Metropolitan Trail Network and its development in partnership with Local Government. It will also reflect on the continued currency of the Linking People and Spaces (2002) document, four years into it life cycle, and the benefits the Network in adding to Melbourne’s Liveability. ... More
Summary: Living Streets Aotearoa is a pedestrian advocacy organisation in New Zealand. This paper traces the journey from its beginnings as a small voluntary group in Wellington through to the current situation with full-time staff and a national office. The paper starts by recapping the broad range of reasons why walking matters and includes a rationale for separating walking from cycling advocacy. Several early projects are described and current initiatives highlighted. Celia addresses some challenges of working with much larger organisations. She concludes with Living Streets vision for the future. ... More
Summary: School Travel Plans are a reasonably new concept for New Zealand. They were first introduced and piloted in the Auckland Region by North Shore City Council. In 2003 they were then adopted and substantially expanded by the Auckland Regional Transport Authority (ARTA). The ARTA programme is jointly funded by the Ministry for the Environment, Land Transport New Zealand, Auckland Regional Council and the Ministry of Health, and 10 positions were created to develop and implement the programme in schools. Two years on over 57,000 children across a number of educational levels (primary, intermediate and secondary) are now enrolled in schools that are actively engaged in promoting sustainable travel modes, including walking. At the end of 2005 a comprehensive review of the programme involving the Auckland University of Technology and the University of Auckland was undertaken. ... More
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