Summary: Walking provides a wide range of benefits, some of which are more obvious than others. The obvious benefits of walking include the benefits to the individual from physical fitness and mental health improvements. A less obvious benefit is the way in which getting more people walking more often can help to generate a stronger local community, which in turn will contribute to happier and healthier neighbourhoods. Yet there may be other benefits of walking that have remained largely hidden, even from those working in transport research ... More
Summary: In 2002 Land Transport NZ initiated a community focused walking and cycling programme using Safer Routes to School principles. The programme was originally one of the governments' implementation initiatives to help reduce death and injury to all road users. The purpose of the work was to develop a useable planning process for TAs that would facilitate the provision of safe access to pedestrians and cyclists in at risk communities. The objectives of individual projects are to increase community engagement in walking and cycling issues, improve infrastructure in the project communities and initiate enforcement, education and encouragement related initiatives. The main implementation challenges were to get territorial authorities to undertake projects and give weight to engineering and environmental solutions. ... More
Summary: The health and social benefits of regular moderate-intensity physical activity are well known. But, with at least one third of all Australian adults being at risk of major health problems due to physical inactivity, the challenge to get them moving is a considerable one. Settings such as workplaces and schools offer a practical opportunity for promoting physical activity, particularly activities such as walking, which is accessible and requires no special facilities or equipment. WALKabout is a program that can be implemented within a variety of settings to encourage participation in physical activity while also helping to create a 'healthy culture' through team-building. ... More
Summary: More than three centuries ago in Japan, many towns were developed surrounding famous temples and shrines. These towns are called "temple towns". In the Edo Era (1600-1868), pilgrimages to temples and shrines were so popular that these temple towns prospered as the most popular tourist destinations. The attractiveness of a temple town is attributed not only to the temple or shrine itself but also to the surrounding areas. People enjoyed shopping souvenirs, dining, sightseeing and lodging as a part of their pilgrimage experiences. However, recently these temple towns suffer declines of tourists. One of the most famous temple towns in Japan is Nikko, which is located 140 km north of Tokyo. ... More
Summary: This paper outlines a strategy for promoting walking activities in primary, intermediate and secondary schools where the focus on 'walking' is downplayed behind social incentives such as independence, fitness and social time with friends. Students' attitudes towards walking were assessed through general surveys and intensive collaboration with a broad range of student leaders over a period of 15 months. The resulting activities employed a triangulation effect where an excuse – or plausible diversion – was employed to deflect attention toward initiatives to; gain independence, create large walking groups or pair-up with students at location that happened to be a 15-minute walk from school. Although developed with Auckland student leaders, this strategy offers a transferable framework for sustainable transport initiatives elsewhere. ... More
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