Integrated stations in Lisbon, Portugal

Fixing a missed connection

The integration of walking and public transport is presented in a POLICY BRIEF, developed by Walk21 in partnership with UITP, UIC, NTNU as part of the pan-European Partnership led by WHO and UNECE.

The brief calls for more integration as a key strategy for reducing the use of private cars, reducing carbon emissions and improving the fiscal viability of public transport services while enhancing urban efficiency and livability.

Integrating walking and public transport policy brief

Most public transport journeys start and end with a walk. In fact, walking can constitute half the time spent on multimodal trips and be the main element of what people remember afterwards. Despite this striking interdependency between walking and public transport, the modes are often considered and delivered separately. This can lead to poor walking experiences reducing public transport usage, and increasing car dependency, which negatively impacts our health and well-being, social equity, urban and infrastructure resilience, economic vitality and the predictability of our climate.

More attention to the integration of walking and public transport is needed in travel surveys, environmental audits, urban mobility plans and investment decisions to enhance both active travel and public transport and reduce the use of private cars.